Henry Ernest Dudeney was England's greatest inventor of puzzles;
indeed, he may well have been the greatest puzzlist who ever lived.
Today there is scarcely a single puzzle book that does not contain
(often without credit) dozens of brilliant mathematical problems that
had their origin in Dudeney's fertile imagination.
He was born in the village of Mayfield in 1857. Thus he was sixteen years younger than Sam Loyd, the American puzzle genius. In the 1890s they collaborated on a series of puzzle articles for the magazineTit-Bits, and later they arranged to exchange puzzles for their magazine and newspaper columns. This may explain the large amount of duplication in the published writings of Loyd and Dudeney. Of the two, Dudeney was probably the better mathematician. Loyd excelled in catching the public fancy with manufactured toys and advertising novelties. Dudeney's work was mathematically more sophisticated. Like Loyd he enjoyed clothing his problems with amusing anecdotes.
Dudeney's first book, "The Canterbury Puzzles", was published in 1907.